Allium Sativum

  • Latin Name : Allium sativum
  • English Name : Garlic
  • Hindi Name : Lahsuna
  • Part Used : Bulb

Garlic bulb is used as medicinal spice or herb since the creation of a mankind – consists of numerous “bulb lets” or individual cloves grouped together and enclosed in a thin white skin. It is Cultivated throughout the world, Native to Mediterranean regions of Europe & Africa, Origin in central Asia, used extensively in Italian & Greek dishes. Steamed distillation of crushed fresh bulbs yields 0.1-3.6% of a volatile oil.

1Garlic reduces the blood sugar levels.In rabbits with mild alloxan diabetes orally given garlic extract exhibited hypoglycemic activity comparable to that of tolutamide. It improves the glucose tolerance significantly and increase serum insulin. Garlic is an effective long term preventive treatment for all rheumatic and catarrhal conditions. It produces anti-inflammatory activity against formalin induced arthritis in albino rats. A concentrate containing the active principle, allicin and allinase proved effective in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Garlic juice containing allicin has been used in the laboratory experiments to stop the growth of cancer in mice.

2Ajoene is one of the main compounds formed from heating crushed garlic as a mixture of E- and Zisomers (E- and Z-4,5,9-trithiadodeca-1,6,11-triene 9-oxide). Ajoene possesses a broad spectrum of biological activities that include anticancer activity. 3A study shows Potential of garlic and its active constituent, S-allyl cysteine, as antihypertensive and cardioprotective in presence of captopril (hypertensive medicine). 4Results of a study suggest that aged garlic extract is potentially protective against doxorubicininduced cardiotoxicity.

References:

1. The Wealth of India, Raw Materials, Vol. 1, 181-185, 2005
2. PMID: 20108330, Biofactors. 2010 Jan-Feb;36(1):78-85.
3. PMID: 20739164, Phytomedicine. 2010 Nov;17(13):1016-26. Epub 2010 Aug 23.
4. PMID: 20060872, Food Chem Toxicol. 2010 Mar;48(3):951-6. Epub 2010 Jan 12.