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Terminalia arjuna         

  Latin Name Terminalia arjuna        
English Name Arjuna
Hindi Name Arjun
Part Used Bark

Arjuna is 60-80 feet long evergreen tree with a spreading crown and drooping branches. It is a cardioprotective herb being used in Ayurveda since 2500 B.C.

1Current scientific research has proved that Arjuna contains specific medically active constituents namely triterpine glycosides like arjunetosides I, II, III, IV, arjunine and arjunetein. 2The bark is rich in saponnins, natural anti-oxidants (flavonoids-arjunone, arjunolone, leteilin) gallic acid, ellagic acid, oligomeric proanthocyanidins, and phytosterols, rich in minerals like calcium, magnesium, zinc and copper. Regular use of T.arjuna improves pumping activity of heart, improves cardiac muscle strength, and decreases LDL cholesterol levels. 

3Arjuna stem bark possesses glycosides, large quantities of flavonoids, tannins and minerals. Flavonoids of Arjuna have been detected to exert antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and lipid lowering effects while glycosides are cardiotonic, thus making Terminalia arjuna unique amongst currently used medicinal plants. Experimental studies have revealed its bark exerting significant inotropic and hypotensive effect, increasing coronary artery flow and protecting myocardium against ischemic damage. It has also been detected to have mild diuretic, antithrombotic, prostaglandin E(2) enhancing and hypolipidaemic activity. There is ample clinical evidence of its beneficial effect in coronary artery disease.

Arjun is good for emotional health as it balances Sadhaka Pitta. It brings the co-ordination between Mind, Body and Consciousness by strengthening the heart as well as by stabilizing the mind.


References:

 

1. Database on medicinal plants, CCFRAS, Dept. of ISM & H, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Govt. of India, Vol-3, Page-59-62

2. The Wealth of India, First Supplement Series (Raw Materials) Vol-5,R-Z, Page-200-201

3. PMID: 17875376, J Ethnopharmacol. 2007 Nov 1;114(2):114-29. Epub 2007 Aug 10.


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