|| Sandal wood
Chandan, Safed Chandan
Sandalwood is a small tree that grows
primarily in India. Wood and volatile oil of Santalum possesses various
useful properties. 1They are credited with cooling,
diaphoretic, diuretic and expectorant properties and sandal wood finds
several applications in household remedies: a paste of the wood is
applied to burns, in fevers and headache, it is applied to forehead and
upper eyelids. The oil was at one time official in many pharmacopeia and
was prescribed for the treatment of gonorrhea. It was reported to be
active against Eberthella typhosa and Escherichia coli. The oil from
seeds is used in skin troubles.
The main constituent of essential oil is
santalol, present as a mixture of two isomers alpha- and beta-santalol.
The characteristic odour and medicinal properties of sandal wood oil are
mainly due to the santanol. 2The essential oil from heartwood
exhibited antibacterial activity. HESP (Hydrolysed exhausted sandal
powder) oil an essential oil obtained by acid hydrolysis of the non-steam
volatile matter of the spent sandal powder followed by steam distillation
of the hydrolysate is distinctly more efficacious in pharmacological
activities than the oil of sandal wood. HESP oil showed significant
antitremorogenic, anti- inflammatory, anti-mitotic, antiviral and
anticancer activities. The sandal wood extract is an ingredient of
pharmaceutical composition which showed good response against leucorrhea.
3Santalum album is included
in Traditional medicinal plants of cold desert Ladakh-used against kidney
and urinary disorders. 4Sandalwood oil, the essential oil of Santalum
album L., was tested for in vitro antiviral activity against Herpes
simplex viruses-1 and -2 in Argentiana. It was found that the replication
of these viruses was inhibited in the presence of the oil.