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  Latin Name Ocimum sanctum
English Name Holy Basil
Hindi Name Tulsi
Part Used Leaf

The name 'Tulsi' connotes "the incomparable one. The 'Tulsi' plant or Indian Basil is an important symbol in the Hindu religious tradition. Tulsi is a venerated plant and Hindus worship it in the morning and evening.

1,2Traditional uses of holy basil are legion, and it is often taken in combination with other herbs. The fragrant leaves and flowers, in the form of tincture, tea or decoction are considered to be stomachic and expectorant, used in treating coughs, bronchitis, and skin problems. The Tulsi seeds, taken mixed in water, juice or cow's milk, are antioxidant, nourishing, mucilaginous and demulcent. They are used in treating low energy, ulcers, and as an overall tonic. Holy basil leaves are a natural source of many important antioxidant compounds that provide a wide variety of health benefits. Holy basil contain most notably, eugenol, caryophyllene, and triterpenoic acids, such as ursolic and oleanolic acid. Eugenol and caryophyllene are aromatic compounds, so named because of their pleasing fragrance or "aroma''. These compounds, which are present in many plants, are frequently utilized in essential oils because their fragrant scent is believed to elevate both mood and spirit.

3Ocimum sanctum alcoholic leaf extract shows significant hepatoprotective activity. 4The antioxidant property of holy basil (Ocimum sanctum Linn.) plant parts (leaves, stems, and inflorescence) was found in different studies. 5Constituents of Ocimium sanctum has showed anti-stress activity. It is also cardiotonic, brings purity to mind and establish healthy relation between mind, body and consciousness.


References:

 

1. The Wealth of India, Raw Materials, Vol-7; N-Pe, edition,2001, page-87-89
2. Database on medicinal plants, CCFRAS, Dept. of ISM & H, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Govt. of India, Vol-2, Page-500-503
3. PMID: 21731390, Pharmacognosy Res. 2011 Jan;3(1):13-8.
4. PMID: 17924700, J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Oct 31;55(22):9109-17. Epub 2007 Oct 9.
5. PMID: 17850106, J Nat Prod. 2007 Sep;70(9):1410-6. Epub 2007 Sep 13.


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