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  Latin Name Lotus arabicus; Nelumbo nucifera
English Name Lotus; Sacred Lotus
Hindi Name Kamal Safed
Part Used Flower

This graceful flowering water plant, grown since ancient times, has a place of honor in the history of three great civilizations: India, Egypt and China. From ancient times the lotus has been a divine symbol in Asian traditions representing the virtues of sexual purity. Sacred Lotus often used as an example of divine beauty, 'Lotus-Eyed' adjective is used for most beautiful eye. Lotus is known for its ability to calm and sooth. Users often feel more open to forgiveness and kindness.

1,2Almost all parts of the lotus plants are used in the indigenous system of medicine. The young leaves, petioles, rhizomes and flowers of plant are eaten as vegetables. They are used as healthy foods due to presence of minerals and vitamins. The dried lotus plant contains following minerals Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Zn, Ba, K, Na, Al, Mn, Ce, Sr, V, Hg, Ni and Co. The vitamins reported to be present in rhizomes are thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and ascorbic acid. The fruiting torus is often sold for the edible carpels embedded on it. Nelumbo carpels are considered superior to cereals in nutritive value and used to check vomiting. The rhizomes are nutritious, mucilaginous, diuretic, cholagogue, demulcent and anti-diabetic .It is used as a refrigerant, cardiotonic and astringent.

3The flowers are astringent, syrup of flowers is used in cough, to check haemorrhage from bleeding piles and in menorrhagia (heavy menstrual bleeding during) and dysentery.

4The extracts of rhizomes, seeds, flowers and leaves have been reported to have varied therapeutic potential. Several bioactive compounds have been derived from plant parts belonging to different chemical groups, including alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, triterpenoid, and vitamins etc., which all have their own therapeutic impact. 5Nelumbo nucifera (sacred lotus) seeds have Antioxidant activity.


References:

 

1. The Wealth of India, Raw Materials, Vol. 7, 7-9, 2001
2. The Wealth of India, First Supplement Series (Raw Materials) Vol. 4: J-Q, page191-192, 2006
3. INDIAN MATERIA MEDICA, VOLUME-1, PAGE 844-845,2005
4. PMID: 19298686, J Pharm Pharmacol. 2009 Apr; 61(4):407-22.
5. PMID: 16239089, J Ethnopharmacol. 2006 Apr 6; 104(3):322-7. Epub 2005 Oct 18.


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