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  Latin Name Emblica officinalis; Phyllanthus emblica
English Name Indian Gooseberry; Amla
Hindi Name Amalaki
Part Used Fruit Rind

Amla is most often mentioned herb in the Ayurvedic classic. Amalaki (Emblica officinalis, Amla or Indian Gooseberry) is revered by Ayurvedic healers as a "Wonder Rasayana". It is the essential part of famous Ayurvedic formula - Triphala.

1It has a reputation as a powerful rejuvenating herb. This precious fruit is reputed to have the highest content of vitamin C and E of any natural occurring substances in nature. It promotes Ojas and nourishes all the tissues of the body and is useful in the treatment of ulcers and hyperacidity. Amalaki juice has twenty times more vitamin C than orange juice, and natural tannins prevent oxidation of the vitamin content in a dry condition in other words, it is heat stable. Studies indicate that the naturally occurring vitamin C of Amalaki is easier for the body to absorb than synthetic vitamin C.

2Clinical study of Amalaki Rasayana on 39 cases of duodenal ulcer and 21 cases of non-ulcer dyspepsia was found to be very effective in 72% patients with no recurrence of signs and symptoms for a period of 6 months to 3 years of follow up observation.

3Free radical-scavenging activity of Emblica officinalis extract has evaluated based on the combination of HPTLC with a diode array detector (DAD) and postchromatographic DPPH* radical derivatization. Free gallic and ellagic acids and emblicanins A and B in the E. officinalis extract were separated by TLC and identified. All the compounds of the extract were capable of scavenging of DPPH* radicals. It was established that the DPPH* scavenging activity of emblicanins A and B was 7.86 and 11.20 times more than that of ascorbic acid and 1.25 and 1.78 times more than gallic acid, respectively. From the estimated ID50 values, it can be seen that the increasing order of activity was emblicanin B > emblicanin A > gallic acid > ellagic acid > ascorbic acid. Probably, the antioxidant activity of E. officinalis extract is associated with the presence of hydrolyzable tannins having ascorbic acid-like action.

4Other studies show that that the tannoid, flavonoid and NO scavenging compounds present in Emblica officinalis extract may offer protection against free radical mediated oxidative stress in rat hepatocytes of animals with alcohol-induced liver injury.


References:

 

1. The Wealth of India, Raw materials, Vol3: D-E, edition-2006, page-169
2. Database on medicinal plants, CCFRAS, Dept. of ISM & H, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Govt. of India, Vol-3, Page-15
3. PMID: 17623464, J Sep Sci. 2007 Jun;30(9):1250-4.
4. PMID: 21966117, Indian J Clin Biochem. 2010 Oct;25(4):419-24. Epub 2010 Sep 14.


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